Tag Archives: political reform

Fragmentation

QCpartiesThe Quebec General Election this last Monday has confirmed a trend of fragmentation in our politics. The winning party (CAQ) only took 37% of the vote and this vote represents only 25% of all Quebecois eligible to vote. The 2 largest parties (CAQ + PLQ) just clear 60% of the vote and together not even half of all voters at only 40% of the electorate. There are 4 parties in the new National Assembly with the two minor parties (PQ / QS) having a respectable number of seats but more importantly each got a significant share of the vote at 17% and 16%. Also, perhaps unnoticed, is the Green party and Conservative party who each broke past the 1% mark.

I strongly recommend to separate the executive vote and legislative vote so our provincial elections would be like the municipal where you vote for the mayor and separately vote for your councillor. In the provincial it would be for a Council of Ministers and your MNA. A maximum of 4 Councils for the executive and a maximum of 6 candidates for the National Assembly. Both elections to be by majority vote achieved by a preference ballot or by a run-off election.

Advertisements

Presiding at Conventions

images.duckduckgo.comNow Mr. Ryan has to toady up to the DONALD!!! or else.

Again a different way of doing things. In the Federalist Party there would be a National by-law called the National Convention By-law that would govern the way the Party’s national conventions are held. How do you get a national by-law? By a 2/3 majority vote of the National Assembly, or a 60% vote in the Assembly and National Congress, or a majority vote in the Assembly, Congress, and National council. The Assembly is all Party members who registered for the Assembly. The Congress is the top 2 candidates for the Party’s nomination for the House of Commons. The National council is the Party leadership and appointed members.

For presiding officers there would be 4. One is elected every 4 years by the National Assembly. The term of office is 16 years and no re-elections. The most senior gets to be the President of the conventions held during their 4 year term as the most senior. The second in seniority will be the Vice-president for those same 4 years. The other two are the senior and junior assistants to the convention president. No person who holds public office can be one of these presiding officers. It should be a way of honouring those who have worked for the Party and are capable of handling such duties. Chosen by the Party membership and to serve ALL that membership in this roll within the Party.

Government Formation

369px-Oireachtas_logo.svgIrish General Election February 26, 2016

On the fourth Monday after the election which in this case would be Monday March the 22nd you would have the swearing in of the Teachta Dála (members) and after that the election of the Ceann Comhairle (Speaker). On Tuesday the Speaker asks the members for nominees for Taoiseach (Prime Minister). You would need 5% of the Dail Eireann (House of Representatives) to endorse the nomination which is 8 members out of the 158. If you have more then 4 nominees the members are asked to endorse one with the top 4 with the most votes becoming a Taoiseach-designate. On Tuesday afternoon the President of Ireland invites these Taoiseach-designates to form a Council of Ministers of the required 7 to 15 members. They submit their Councils-designate to the President Wednesday morning and the President refers it to the Dail Eireann to decide which has it’s confidence to be the Government for the duration of that Oireachtas (Parliament). Wednesday afternoon the Dail Eireann votes on which of these councils becomes the government for that Oireachtas. Winner to be sworn in as the Council of Minsters the following Sunday and the runner up as the Council of Opposition just before the swearing in of the government. Any others become shadow councils in the Dail Eireann.

The process of government formation is a set procedure and the Party Leaders would have been in negotiations right after the election for support to win the vote to form the government in the new Parliament. Fine Gael and Fianna Fail could form a grand coalition government and have just with their 2 parties 99 seats out of 158. They could each form a council-designate alone and negotiate for the support of the other parties and from the 19 independents. If Sinn Fein doesn’t enter into a coalition council with the 2 main parties it could form it’s own council and be a shadow council in the next Parliament with or without voting one of the others in as the government. There is enough members for the 5 minor parties to come together to present another council choice and it also would become a shadow council in Parliament with or without voting Fine Gael or Fianna Fail in as the government.

Once a Government is elected by the House it stays in office for the duration of that Parliament. Any Minister can be voted out by a motion of dismissal with a 60% vote with quorum. The Prime Minister can be dismissed by an absolute 60% vote (95). Confidence and Non-confidence votes are abolished. A motion of government dismissal requires an absolute two-third majority vote (106). This triggers a new vote of government formation the same as at the start of Parliament. A motion of dissolution requires an absolute three-quarters majority vote (119). This will set a new election for parliament.

Using the government formation process for the Canadian federal election in October 2015.

The House meets the fourth Monday after the election. In the morning the swearing in of the members and in the afternoon the election of the Speaker of the House the Commons. The next day the House would have nominated Justin Trudeau, Rona Ambrose, and Thomas Mulcair as Prime Minister designates. No other candidates would have gotten the 17 endorsing votes necessary to get nominated. The Governor-General would have asked these 3 leaders to form a Government. In the government formation vote in the House the Liberal council would have won a majority on the first ballot with 184 votes, the Tories would be second with 99 votes, and the NDP third with 44 votes. The 11 votes held by the Bloc and Greens can’t change the result. The Liberal council gets sworn in as the Council of Ministers, the Conservatives as the Council of Opposition, and the NDP becomes a shadow council in the House of Commons.

Instead of the rigidity of a majority government or the instability of a minority government you have the Government elected at the start of Parliament and serving for the duration of that Parliament unless by super majorities the House votes to either have another Government formation vote or set another election.

 

Who’s on first, Who actually cares ?

150804145803-gop-2016-candidates-composite-exlarge-169

Reform of the US presidential nomination process

If anybody had to create the rules and procedure for nominating a Party’s candidate for President of the United States of America from scratch it would guaranteed not be the current system. Using the current group of candidates for the Republican nomination here’s my ideas to reform this process.

There would be 5 phases in the process.

  • Pre-nomination phase
  • Nomination phase
  • Endorsement phase
  • Campaign phase
  • Voting phase

Pre-nomination phase

Any interested registered republicans who are eligible to run for president open up a campaign account (not candidate account) by paying a registration fee. This fee is based upon the first number of 1 significant figure equal or greater than the per capita GDP. This is $50,000 – $55,000 so that’s $60,000. The fee itself would be 10 times this figure or $600,000. It would take at least 10 registered republicans to pay the fee for the maximum contribution is the base amount of $60,000. The time to register would be from July 1 to July 31 2015 inclusive for the 2016 nomination.

There would be 5 set pre-nomination debates to be held at or hosted by the presidential libraries of the last 5 deceased republican presidents. In order they are Hoover-August, Eisenhower-September, Nixon-October, Ford-November, and Reagan-December. The debates would be in groups of no more then 5 candidates plus the moderator. With the 17 current candidates that gives you 4 groups, one of 5 candidates, and three of 4 candidates. Who’s on with whom is determined randomly. The debates are spread out over a week with one a night. In all subsequent debates the grouping of the candidates is determined by computer selection so that a candidate is in a group with other candidates they haven’t debated with before.

Nomination phase

Registration to be a candidate for the republican nomination goes from January 1 to 15, 2016 inclusive and the registration fee is 100 times the base amount so $6,000,000. This opens up a candidate account and it would take at least 100 registered republicans to pay the fee for the maximum contribution is the $60,000 base amount. One can declare one’s candidacy or get nominated by a group of republicans paying the fee. If a person is nominated they have till Noon EST January 31 to accept being nominated. The two incumbent candidates are the two candidates in the last contested nomination with the most votes. That would be Mr. Romney and Mr. Santorum. They would also have till January 31 to declare their candidacy, they do not have to pay the registration fee, and are automatically on the ballot for the nomination.

Endorsement phase

This phase would go from February 1 to March 15. It will determine who will be on the ballot NOT who will be the nominee. On the ballot will be the two incumbents plus the four candidates with the most endorsements, OR 1 incumbent with the five most endorsed candidates, OR with no incumbent running the six candidates with the most endorsements. Any registered republican can endorse a candidate including any incumbent with that endorsement being public and can’t be changed unless that candidate withdraws from the race in which case they can endorse a new candidate.

When republicans can start endorsing a candidate goes in stages. At midnight EST in Dixville notch township Hew Hampshire on February 1 republicans there become the first in the nation to endorse a candidate. At 6 AM EST those in the largest county in Iowa can start endorsing and at Noon EST those in the largest county in New Hampshire go next. Starting on February 2 and every day after you have the 50 states with 2 a day going in order of the state where the republican candidate in the last election had the highest percentage of the vote and the state where that candidate had the most number of votes. Each day the top state from each list can start endorsing a candidate. After all the states are done you have Washington DC and the 5 other territories then able to endorse.

For the Republicans in 2016 the order would be:

February 1 Dixville notch township and 2 largest counties in Iowa & New Hampshire

February 2 Utah / California

February 3 Wyoming / Texas

February 4 Oklahoma / Florida

February 5 Idaho / Pennsylvania

February 6 West Virginia / Ohio

February 7 Arkansas / New York

February 8 Alabama / North Carolina

February 9 Kentucky / Illinois

February 10 Nebraska / Michigan

February 11 Kansas / Georgia

February 12 Tennessee / Virginia

February 13 North Dakota / Missouri

February 14 South Dakota / New jersey

February 15 Louisiana / Indiana

February 16 Montana / Wisconsin

February 17 Mississippi / Minnesota

February 18 Alaska / Washington

February 19 South Carolina / Arizona

February 20 New Hampshire / Massachusetts

February 21 Iowa / Colorado

February 22 Nevada / Maryland

February 23 New Mexico / Oregon

February 24 Maine / Connecticut

February 25 Delaware / Rhode Island

February 26 Vermont / Hawaii

February 27 Washington DC & the 5 other territories

On March first the list is reduced to the 8 most endorsed candidates who is not an incumbent candidate. On March 7 down to the 7 most endorsed and on March 15 you will have a list of the 6 most endorsed candidates. If both the incumbents are running then they are on the ballot with the top 4 from the list, if only one then the top 5 on that list, and with no incumbent all on this final list are on the ballot for the vote for the republican nomination for president.

There will be 2 debates one between the 5th to 10th of February and one between the 15th and 20th of February. The candidates are divided into 3 groups determined by number of endorsements by the 5th of the month for the first debate and the 15th of the month for the second debate. The 6 most endorsed candidates are in the last group to debate, the 7th to 12th most endorsed candidates go before them, and all other candidates are in a third group that debates first. The debates are held on three consecutive nights.

Campaign phase

The campaign phase starts March 16 and goes to June 5 2016 the Sunday before the first Monday in June. There would be 4 set debates; the first week of April, the third week of April, the first week of May, and the last in the third week of May. All candidates take part.

Voting phase

Voting would start on the first Monday of June and the last day to vote would be the last Friday in June. For 2016 this would be June 6th to June 24th. A candidate is elected by direct popular vote of the registered members of the republican party. The ballot would be a preference ballot where you rank the 6 candidates in order of choice, your first choice to win the nomination, your second choice, your third, fourth, and fifth.

Convention

The result is already known but not made available to the candidates or the public till the Conventions. The party who lost the election last time their Convention is held between July 15th to July 31st. The winning party last time has their convention from August 1st to August 15th. At each Convention there would be 2 screens on stage one showing the results from a state or territory and the other the total votes received for each candidate. The candidate with the most votes is marked as Leading if they have a plurality of the votes, or as Elect if they have a majority of the votes, or as the Winner when any further state or territory vote’s can not make them lose their majority of the ballots.

The results are revealed one by one for each state and territory at 30 second intervals so it will take 28 minutes to go through one count of the ballots. If no candidate was declared the winner then the next count of the ballots is revealed with the candidate with the least votes dropped and their votes going to a remaining candidate by the order in which the voters ranked them. It might take 5 counts of the ballots to have a winner or over 2 hours after the results were started to be revealed. The order in which a state or territory is displayed is based upon the percentage of the vote for the Party’s candidate in the last election. The lowest percentage going first and the highest percentage last. For the Republicans it would be Washington DC first and the state of Utah last.

Olivia Dorey

oliviadoreyOlivia Dorey

The budget is done in budgetese for the same reason that legal is done in legalese. The purpose is to deny outsiders the ability to understand and where possible access too the sacred writings that is restricted to only the members of the ordained priesthood. I wish her all the luck in the world she is going to need it. This is why I founded the Federalist party of Canada. If you wont to change this kind of crap you are going to have to start with the political parties themselves. In the way they are operated by insiders is no different. The tag-line says it

If you wont our politics to change you must first change our political parties.

 

Dear Mr. Prentice

http://wwjim-prenticew.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/4-challenges-facing-jim-prentice-1.2758876

Here’s an idea for Premier Prentice. This is a proposed policy resolution.

Introduction
Non-voting members of the House of Commons
Under the standing orders of the House of Commons there shall be created a class of members called House delegates who can motion and debate but have no seat on any committee and no vote in the House of Commons.

Be it resolved
Delegates can be created by an absolute two-thirds majority vote (206) of the Commons. These delegates have a term of office for the duration of that parliament. A House delegate called a Member-emeritus can be created by an absolute three quarters majority vote (231) of the Commons. A Member-emeritus serves for the duration of five parliaments starting with the one in which they are created. All Speakers of the House become a Member-emeritus for life in the Parliament after they retire.

Be it further resolved
There shall be ex-official House delegates who are any member of the Council of Ministers or the Council of Opposition who does not have a seat in the House of Commons. Furthermore both the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition shall only be House delegates. If they are members of the House of Commons at the time of appointment as Prime minister or Leader of the opposition they then shall resign that seat in the House of Commons. Also if any leader of an official political party does not have a seat in the House of Commons they shall become a delegate member of the Commons. The status of an official political party shall be granted to any party, which got 5% or more of the popular vote
in the last election or who has 1% or more of the membership in the House of Commons.

By appointment as Premier of Alberta Mr. Prentice also becomes an Assembly delegate in the Alberta legislature. As for his idea for terms limits from the Federalist party’s constitution and Bylaws.

11.0 The Party shall hold a leadership election no earlier then 3 years after the last vote and no later then 6 years after the last leadership election. The winner is elected Leader of the Party and the runner-up as the Deputy leader.

11.1 It is a vote in the National Congress in regular session that sets the month for the leadership vote. The Leader may serve at most 3 terms as Leader of the Party.

That members of the Federalist party be barred from running for the party’s nomination for the House of Commons if they have served as an MP in 6 Parliaments or have been the Federalist’s candidate 8 times.

New Brunswick Election

1024px-Flag_of_New_Brunswick.svgThe Dual Electoral System is inspired from the House of Commons where you have a Leader representing the majority of the House and a Leader representing the largest minority of the House. Voting is conducted by a secret preference ballot where the voters mark the candidates in order of choice (1, 2, 3, 4, etc). The ballots are counted with the two candidates with the most votes getting elected. The ballots are counted a second time where the elected candidate with the lower number gets one Legislative vote for every vote received on the second count. In regular session each member has one vote which for the last New Brunswick General election would give both the PC and Liberals one vote less then 50%. The Legislature would operate on a consensual basis because no party can get a majority in regular session. The legislature would have a legislative session once a week where any bills requiring approval are voted on. Each member would have votes equal to their popular vote in their riding. All votes do count in an election for one of the elected candidates from your riding will receive your vote and cast it in Legislative session to determine the passage of legislation.

nb1

As the first table shows in the last General Election in New Brunswick ended with the PCs getting 76% of the seats though a majority of the voters voted against the conservatives. Also 17% of the voters voted for parties that gained no seat and so all those voters have no representation of any kind in the Legislature. The phrase “Taxation without Representation” comes to mind.

nb2

The second table shows the results using the Dual Electoral System. The top two candidates in each riding are elected. This gives both the Conservatives and Liberals the same number of seats and one seat shy of 50%. In regular session its one member one vote so no party rules the Legislature. In the riding of Woodstock the top two candidates were the PC candidate and an Independent Mr David Allen. In the riding of Tracadia-Shelia the top two candidates were the candidates for the Liberals and the NDP. In all other riding’s the top two candidates belonged to the PC and Liberals.

In Legislative session for the riding’s that elected the PC and Liberal candidates I made the assumption that 2/3 of the remaining vote would go Liberal and 1/3 to the PC. For the riding of Woodstock I decided all the secondary vote goes to the Independent candidate Mr David Allen. For the riding of Tracadia-Shelia I awarded all the votes for the PC to the Liberals and none to the NDP. The Legislative vote that the PC and Liberal parties would have better reflects the way the voters voted; PC 54% Leg / 49% Pop, Liberal 45% Leg / 34% Pop. Also all the votes cast for the other candidates just doesn’t disappear they go somewhere. If your vote doesn’t go to your first choice it goes to a secondary choice who in effect proxy votes it in the Legislative session of the New Brunswick Legislature. All votes do count!

If the Dual Electoral System were ever used create 25 provincial ridings with the smallest having at least 50% of the number of electors as the largest riding. This gives you a Legislature of 50 members from 25 dual member ridings. Each member having a number of votes in Legislative session equal to the votes received on the second count of the ballots. You mark your preference for all candidates and one of them will be voting your vote in the New Brunswick Legislature.

The New Brunswick Legislature should first create the Legislative Council consisting of the top two candidates in every riding giving you 98 members. In regular session of the Council its one member one vote. In each riding all the other candidates transfer their popular vote to one of the elected candidates for that riding. This is added to their own popular vote and the total is the number of votes they have when the Council is in Legislative session. The Legislative Council advises the Legislature by regular session on all motions before it. When the Legislature votes to pass a bill the Council advises it by voting in Legislative session. The 49 runner up candidates for each riding don’t get paid. With the operation of this advisory council one would get to see how the Legislature would work under the Dual Electoral System . In other words you can “try it before you buy it”!