Tag Archives: political reform


singhThe NDP Leader is running in a by-election in Burnaby south on February 25. There are two issues here, the one of Party Leaders running in by-elections in order to have a seat in the House of Commons, and the second of the calling of by-elections. I’ve suggested solutions to both in previous posts.

For seats in the House have a class of non-voting members of the Commons. Many legislatures have this around the world. Any Leader of a Party that has members in the House would become a non-voting member of the Commons when they become Leader, if not already a member of the House of Commons. Immediate access to the House and no need to ask a Party MP to step aside as so often happens.

The second issue of the timing of by-elections is to take it out of the hands of the political monarch (PM) of the day. Have 4 set by-election dates set 3 months apart. Example being the first Monday of the months of November, February, May, and August. When a seat goes vacant then a by-election to fill the seat is held on the second set date after the seat goes vacant. Example if a seat went vacant now, January 15, then a by-election would be held for the first Monday in May. A by-election is held 3 to 6 months after a seat goes vacant. Simple for the voters, but beyond the comprehension of politicians, and not even thinkable for Party Leaders. Especially for those who think they will be the political monarch after the next election.

Still here and belonging to a Federal political Party where I as a rank & file member directly vote on all resolutions, policies, by-laws, and Party constitution amendments. This done by being a registered member of the National Assembly of the Federalist Party of Canada.


QCpartiesThe Quebec General Election this last Monday has confirmed a trend of fragmentation in our politics. The winning party (CAQ) only took 37% of the vote and this vote represents only 25% of all Quebecois eligible to vote. The 2 largest parties (CAQ + PLQ) just clear 60% of the vote and together not even half of all voters at only 40% of the electorate. There are 4 parties in the new National Assembly with the two minor parties (PQ / QS) having a respectable number of seats but more importantly each got a significant share of the vote at 17% and 16%. Also, perhaps unnoticed, is the Green party and Conservative party who each broke past the 1% mark.

I strongly recommend to separate the executive vote and legislative vote so our provincial elections would be like the municipal where you vote for the mayor and separately vote for your councillor. In the provincial it would be for a Council of Ministers and your MNA. A maximum of 4 Councils for the executive and a maximum of 6 candidates for the National Assembly. Both elections to be by majority vote achieved by a preference ballot or by a run-off election.

Presiding at Conventions

images.duckduckgo.comNow Mr. Ryan has to toady up to the DONALD!!! or else.

Again a different way of doing things. In the Federalist Party there would be a National by-law called the National Convention By-law that would govern the way the Party’s national conventions are held. How do you get a national by-law? By a 2/3 majority vote of the National Assembly, or a 60% vote in the Assembly and National Congress, or a majority vote in the Assembly, Congress, and National council. The Assembly is all Party members who registered for the Assembly. The Congress is the top 2 candidates for the Party’s nomination for the House of Commons. The National council is the Party leadership and appointed members.

For presiding officers there would be 4. One is elected every 4 years by the National Assembly. The term of office is 16 years and no re-elections. The most senior gets to be the President of the conventions held during their 4 year term as the most senior. The second in seniority will be the Vice-president for those same 4 years. The other two are the senior and junior assistants to the convention president. No person who holds public office can be one of these presiding officers. It should be a way of honouring those who have worked for the Party and are capable of handling such duties. Chosen by the Party membership and to serve ALL that membership in this roll within the Party.

Government Formation

369px-Oireachtas_logo.svgIrish General Election February 26, 2016

On the fourth Monday after the election which in this case would be Monday March the 22nd you would have the swearing in of the Teachta Dála (members) and after that the election of the Ceann Comhairle (Speaker). On Tuesday the Speaker asks the members for nominees for Taoiseach (Prime Minister). You would need 5% of the Dail Eireann (House of Representatives) to endorse the nomination which is 8 members out of the 158. If you have more then 4 nominees the members are asked to endorse one with the top 4 with the most votes becoming a Taoiseach-designate. On Tuesday afternoon the President of Ireland invites these Taoiseach-designates to form a Council of Ministers of the required 7 to 15 members. They submit their Councils-designate to the President Wednesday morning and the President refers it to the Dail Eireann to decide which has it’s confidence to be the Government for the duration of that Oireachtas (Parliament). Wednesday afternoon the Dail Eireann votes on which of these councils becomes the government for that Oireachtas. Winner to be sworn in as the Council of Minsters the following Sunday and the runner up as the Council of Opposition just before the swearing in of the government. Any others become shadow councils in the Dail Eireann.

The process of government formation is a set procedure and the Party Leaders would have been in negotiations right after the election for support to win the vote to form the government in the new Parliament. Fine Gael and Fianna Fail could form a grand coalition government and have just with their 2 parties 99 seats out of 158. They could each form a council-designate alone and negotiate for the support of the other parties and from the 19 independents. If Sinn Fein doesn’t enter into a coalition council with the 2 main parties it could form it’s own council and be a shadow council in the next Parliament with or without voting one of the others in as the government. There is enough members for the 5 minor parties to come together to present another council choice and it also would become a shadow council in Parliament with or without voting Fine Gael or Fianna Fail in as the government.

Once a Government is elected by the House it stays in office for the duration of that Parliament. Any Minister can be voted out by a motion of dismissal with a 60% vote with quorum. The Prime Minister can be dismissed by an absolute 60% vote (95). Confidence and Non-confidence votes are abolished. A motion of government dismissal requires an absolute two-third majority vote (106). This triggers a new vote of government formation the same as at the start of Parliament. A motion of dissolution requires an absolute three-quarters majority vote (119). This will set a new election for parliament.

Using the government formation process for the Canadian federal election in October 2015.

The House meets the fourth Monday after the election. In the morning the swearing in of the members and in the afternoon the election of the Speaker of the House the Commons. The next day the House would have nominated Justin Trudeau, Rona Ambrose, and Thomas Mulcair as Prime Minister designates. No other candidates would have gotten the 17 endorsing votes necessary to get nominated. The Governor-General would have asked these 3 leaders to form a Government. In the government formation vote in the House the Liberal council would have won a majority on the first ballot with 184 votes, the Tories would be second with 99 votes, and the NDP third with 44 votes. The 11 votes held by the Bloc and Greens can’t change the result. The Liberal council gets sworn in as the Council of Ministers, the Conservatives as the Council of Opposition, and the NDP becomes a shadow council in the House of Commons.

Instead of the rigidity of a majority government or the instability of a minority government you have the Government elected at the start of Parliament and serving for the duration of that Parliament unless by super majorities the House votes to either have another Government formation vote or set another election.


Who’s on first, Who actually cares ?


Reform of the US presidential nomination process

If anybody had to create the rules and procedure for nominating a Party’s candidate for President of the United States of America from scratch it would guaranteed not be the current system. Using the current group of candidates for the Republican nomination here’s my ideas to reform this process.

There would be 5 phases in the process.

  • Pre-nomination phase
  • Nomination phase
  • Endorsement phase
  • Campaign phase
  • Voting phase

Pre-nomination phase

Any interested registered republicans who are eligible to run for president open up a campaign account (not candidate account) by paying a registration fee. This fee is based upon the first number of 1 significant figure equal or greater than the per capita GDP. This is $50,000 – $55,000 so that’s $60,000. The fee itself would be 10 times this figure or $600,000. It would take at least 10 registered republicans to pay the fee for the maximum contribution is the base amount of $60,000. The time to register would be from July 1 to July 31 2015 inclusive for the 2016 nomination.

There would be 5 set pre-nomination debates to be held at or hosted by the presidential libraries of the last 5 deceased republican presidents. In order they are Hoover-August, Eisenhower-September, Nixon-October, Ford-November, and Reagan-December. The debates would be in groups of no more then 5 candidates plus the moderator. With the 17 current candidates that gives you 4 groups, one of 5 candidates, and three of 4 candidates. Who’s on with whom is determined randomly. The debates are spread out over a week with one a night. In all subsequent debates the grouping of the candidates is determined by computer selection so that a candidate is in a group with other candidates they haven’t debated with before.

Nomination phase

Registration to be a candidate for the republican nomination goes from January 1 to 15, 2016 inclusive and the registration fee is 100 times the base amount so $6,000,000. This opens up a candidate account and it would take at least 100 registered republicans to pay the fee for the maximum contribution is the $60,000 base amount. One can declare one’s candidacy or get nominated by a group of republicans paying the fee. If a person is nominated they have till Noon EST January 31 to accept being nominated. The two incumbent candidates are the two candidates in the last contested nomination with the most votes. That would be Mr. Romney and Mr. Santorum. They would also have till January 31 to declare their candidacy, they do not have to pay the registration fee, and are automatically on the ballot for the nomination.

Endorsement phase

This phase would go from February 1 to March 15. It will determine who will be on the ballot NOT who will be the nominee. On the ballot will be the two incumbents plus the four candidates with the most endorsements, OR 1 incumbent with the five most endorsed candidates, OR with no incumbent running the six candidates with the most endorsements. Any registered republican can endorse a candidate including any incumbent with that endorsement being public and can’t be changed unless that candidate withdraws from the race in which case they can endorse a new candidate.

When republicans can start endorsing a candidate goes in stages. At midnight EST in Dixville notch township Hew Hampshire on February 1 republicans there become the first in the nation to endorse a candidate. At 6 AM EST those in the largest county in Iowa can start endorsing and at Noon EST those in the largest county in New Hampshire go next. Starting on February 2 and every day after you have the 50 states with 2 a day going in order of the state where the republican candidate in the last election had the highest percentage of the vote and the state where that candidate had the most number of votes. Each day the top state from each list can start endorsing a candidate. After all the states are done you have Washington DC and the 5 other territories then able to endorse.

For the Republicans in 2016 the order would be:

February 1 Dixville notch township and 2 largest counties in Iowa & New Hampshire

February 2 Utah / California

February 3 Wyoming / Texas

February 4 Oklahoma / Florida

February 5 Idaho / Pennsylvania

February 6 West Virginia / Ohio

February 7 Arkansas / New York

February 8 Alabama / North Carolina

February 9 Kentucky / Illinois

February 10 Nebraska / Michigan

February 11 Kansas / Georgia

February 12 Tennessee / Virginia

February 13 North Dakota / Missouri

February 14 South Dakota / New jersey

February 15 Louisiana / Indiana

February 16 Montana / Wisconsin

February 17 Mississippi / Minnesota

February 18 Alaska / Washington

February 19 South Carolina / Arizona

February 20 New Hampshire / Massachusetts

February 21 Iowa / Colorado

February 22 Nevada / Maryland

February 23 New Mexico / Oregon

February 24 Maine / Connecticut

February 25 Delaware / Rhode Island

February 26 Vermont / Hawaii

February 27 Washington DC & the 5 other territories

On March first the list is reduced to the 8 most endorsed candidates who is not an incumbent candidate. On March 7 down to the 7 most endorsed and on March 15 you will have a list of the 6 most endorsed candidates. If both the incumbents are running then they are on the ballot with the top 4 from the list, if only one then the top 5 on that list, and with no incumbent all on this final list are on the ballot for the vote for the republican nomination for president.

There will be 2 debates one between the 5th to 10th of February and one between the 15th and 20th of February. The candidates are divided into 3 groups determined by number of endorsements by the 5th of the month for the first debate and the 15th of the month for the second debate. The 6 most endorsed candidates are in the last group to debate, the 7th to 12th most endorsed candidates go before them, and all other candidates are in a third group that debates first. The debates are held on three consecutive nights.

Campaign phase

The campaign phase starts March 16 and goes to June 5 2016 the Sunday before the first Monday in June. There would be 4 set debates; the first week of April, the third week of April, the first week of May, and the last in the third week of May. All candidates take part.

Voting phase

Voting would start on the first Monday of June and the last day to vote would be the last Friday in June. For 2016 this would be June 6th to June 24th. A candidate is elected by direct popular vote of the registered members of the republican party. The ballot would be a preference ballot where you rank the 6 candidates in order of choice, your first choice to win the nomination, your second choice, your third, fourth, and fifth.


The result is already known but not made available to the candidates or the public till the Conventions. The party who lost the election last time their Convention is held between July 15th to July 31st. The winning party last time has their convention from August 1st to August 15th. At each Convention there would be 2 screens on stage one showing the results from a state or territory and the other the total votes received for each candidate. The candidate with the most votes is marked as Leading if they have a plurality of the votes, or as Elect if they have a majority of the votes, or as the Winner when any further state or territory vote’s can not make them lose their majority of the ballots.

The results are revealed one by one for each state and territory at 30 second intervals so it will take 28 minutes to go through one count of the ballots. If no candidate was declared the winner then the next count of the ballots is revealed with the candidate with the least votes dropped and their votes going to a remaining candidate by the order in which the voters ranked them. It might take 5 counts of the ballots to have a winner or over 2 hours after the results were started to be revealed. The order in which a state or territory is displayed is based upon the percentage of the vote for the Party’s candidate in the last election. The lowest percentage going first and the highest percentage last. For the Republicans it would be Washington DC first and the state of Utah last.