Tag Archives: quebec election

Fragmentation

QCpartiesThe Quebec General Election this last Monday has confirmed a trend of fragmentation in our politics. The winning party (CAQ) only took 37% of the vote and this vote represents only 25% of all Quebecois eligible to vote. The 2 largest parties (CAQ + PLQ) just clear 60% of the vote and together not even half of all voters at only 40% of the electorate. There are 4 parties in the new National Assembly with the two minor parties (PQ / QS) having a respectable number of seats but more importantly each got a significant share of the vote at 17% and 16%. Also, perhaps unnoticed, is the Green party and Conservative party who each broke past the 1% mark.

I strongly recommend to separate the executive vote and legislative vote so our provincial elections would be like the municipal where you vote for the mayor and separately vote for your councillor. In the provincial it would be for a Council of Ministers and your MNA. A maximum of 4 Councils for the executive and a maximum of 6 candidates for the National Assembly. Both elections to be by majority vote achieved by a preference ballot or by a run-off election.

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Quebec election 2014

 

Party

Liberal

PQ

CAQ

QS

Other

Vote

42%

25%

23%

8%

2%

Seats

70

30

22

3

0

Dual seats

100

88

54

7

1 (ind)

Leg vote

45%

30%

22%

3%

<1%

 

Vote is the percentage of the popular vote each party received. Seats is members elected by our first past the post system. Dual seats is members elected under the Dual Electoral System which elects the top two candidates in each riding so is 250 members for the National Assembly’s 125 seats. Each member has 1 vote in legislative session of the National Assembly for each vote received in the election. By either a run off election or a preference ballot voters cast a vote for one of the two elected candidates so the votes cast for the defeated candidates will get transferred to one of the two elected candidates.

The legislative vote is calculated from all the votes received by the top two candidates in each riding and deciding where the defeated candidates votes will go. The Liberals had 5% popular vote to be transferred. I decided to award 75% to the CAQ and 25% to the PQ. The PQ had 4% to be transferred so I put it 75% CAQ and 25% QS. The CAQ had 9% to be transferred I gave 67% to the Liberals and 33% to the PQ. QS had 6% to be transferred I awarded 67% to the PQ and the remainder split between the Liberals and CAQ. Th remaining 2% I gave equally to the Liberals and PQ. This gives you a rough idea of the distribution of votes and yes I went through the results riding by riding.

If Quebec ever adopted the Dual Electoral System I would suggest a National Assembly of 100 members being the top two candidates elected from 50 ridings. The smallest riding having 50% or more of the eligible voters compared to the largest riding.

 

Quebec election

pmAnother election triggered by a wave of the hand of the political monarch (PM). If its good enough for the National Assembly to pass legislation setting municipal elections to a fixed 4 year term on a set date then why is the same not good enough for the Quebec government?

Set Quebec elections for a set date every 4 years. Separate the vote for the executive and legislature. The Quebec voters directly vote for who they have confidence in to be the government in the next parliament. The top 4 councils nominated by the National Assembly are on the ballot in an executive vote the same as voting for a mayor in local elections. No more then 6 candidates for the National Assembly in a legislative election. No more confidence motions they are replaced by a motion of dismissal that can dismiss a minister by a two thirds majority vote of the National Assembly with the premier dismissed by an absolute two thirds majority (84). These means getting rid of the Westminster style of government and replacing it with the provincial version of our municipal governments. This is 21st century Quebec not 19th century Britain.